Treasury (left), and monastery
The world famous Petra was the capital and trade-center of the Nabataeans, Aramaic-speaking Semites, who also build the ancient port of Dahab.
Enclosed by towering rocks and watered by a perennial stream, Petra not only possessed the advantages of a fortress, but controlled the main commercial routes which passed through it to Gaza in the west, to Bosra and Damascus in the north, to Aqaba and Leuce Come on the Red Sea, and across the desert to the Persian Gulf.
Excavations have demonstrated that it was the ability of the Nabataeans to control the water supply that led to the rise of the desert city, in effect creating an artificial oasis. The area is visited by flash floods and archaeological evidence demonstrates the Nabataeans controlled these floods by the use of dams, cisterns and water conduits. These innovations stored water for prolonged periods of drought, and enabled the city to prosper from its sale.
The impressive eastern entrance leads steeply down through a dark, narrow gorge (in places only 3–4 metres wide) called the Siq ("the shaft"), a natural geological feature formed from a deep split in the sandstone rocks and serving as a waterway flowing into Wadi Musa. At the end of the narrow gorge stands Petra's most elaborate ruin, Al Khazneh ("the Treasury"), hewn into the sandstone cliff. You will also see a massive theatre, and a big number of tombs.
Program One Day:
- Departure on Monday, Tuesday and Friday
- 3:30am depart from Dahab
- Arrival in Taba port to take boat to Aquaba
- 9am arrival in Aquaba, depart to Petra
- 11am start of 3 hours guided tour in Petra, free time and lunch
- 18pm Departure from Aqaba
- 22:00pm Arrival in Dahab
Optional: 2 days with Jerusalem
1 day tour: 260 US-D
2 day tour: 550 US-D (with Wadi Rum, departure every monday)
3 day tour: 750 US-D (with Wadi Rum and Dead Sea, departure every monday)
Included are all Transfers, boat tickets, english speaking guide in Petra, entrance fees, Jordan departure tax and accommodation (2 and 3 days). Booking 2 days in advance. Tour guide: english language. Ialian, german or french language on request with extra charge.